Radiation Emergencies Fact Sheet
A radiation threat, commonly referred to as a "dirty bomb" or
"radiological dispersion device (RDD)", is the use of common explosives to
spread radioactive materials over a targeted area. It is not a nuclear blast. As
with any radiation, you want to try to limit exposure.
If There Is a Radiation Threat or
If you are inside and there is an explosion near where you
are or you are warned of a radiation release inside, cover nose and mouth and go
outside immediately. Look for a building or other shelter that has not been
damaged and quickly get inside. Once you are inside, close windows and doors.
Turn off air conditioners, heaters or other ventilation systems.
If you are outside and there is an explosion or authorities
warn of a radiation release nearby, cover your nose and mouth and quickly go
inside a building that has not been damaged. If you are already inside check to
see if your building has been damaged. If your building is stable, stay where
you are. Close windows and doors; turn off air conditioners, heaters or other
If you think you have been exposed to radiation, take off
your clothes, shower and wash your body with soap as soon as possible.
Stay where you are, watch TV, listen to the radio, or check
the Internet for official news as it becomes available.
Remember: Limit the amount of radiation you are exposed to,
think about shielding, distance and time.
Shielding: If you have a thick shield
between yourself and the radioactive materials, more of the radiation will be
absorbed, and you will be exposed to less.
Distance: The farther away you are away
from the blast and the fallout, the lower your exposure.
Time: Minimizing time spent exposed will
also reduce your risk.
As with any emergency, local authorities may not be able to
immediately provide information on what is happening and what you should do. You
should watch TV, listen to the radio or check the Internet often for official
news and information.
For more information visit Ready America.