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licensing and certification

Existing Title 22 Clinical Laboratory, Pharmaceutical, and Dietetic Services Regulations

 

 


CLINICAL LABORATORY SERVICE
 
§ 70241. Clinical Laboratory Service Definition.
Clinical laboratory service means the performance of clinical laboratory tests with appropriate staff, space, equipment and supplies.
 
§ 70243. Clinical Laboratory Service General Requirements.
(a) Clinical laboratories shall be operated in conformance with the California Business and Professions Code, Division 2, Chapter 3 (Sections 1200 to 1322, inclusive) and the California Administrative Code, Title 17, Chapter 2, Subchapter 1, Group 2 (Sections 1030 to 1057, inclusive).
(b) All hospitals shall maintain clinical laboratory services and equipment for routine laboratory work, such as urinalysis, complete blood counts, blood typing, cross matching and such other tests as are required by these regulations.
(c) All hospitals shall maintain or make provision for clinical laboratory services for performance of tests in chemistry, microbiology, serology, hematology, pathology and such other tests as are required by these regulations.
(d) Written policies and procedures shall be developed and maintained by the person responsible for the service in consultation with other appropriate health professionals and administration. Policies shall be approved by the governing body. Procedures shall be approved by the administration and medical staff where such is appropriate.
(e) The responsibility and the accountability of the clinical laboratory service to the medical staff and administration shall be defined.
(f) The director of the clinical laboratory shall assure that:
(1) Examinations are performed accurately and in a timely fashion.
(2) Procedures are established governing the provision of laboratory services for outpatients.
(3) Laboratory systems identify the patient, test requested, date and time the specimen was obtained, the time the request reached the laboratory, the time the laboratory completed the test and any special handling which was required.
(4) Procedures are established to ensure the satisfactory collection of specimens.
(5) A communications system to provide efficient information exchange between the laboratory and related areas of the hospital is established.
(6) A quality control system within the laboratory designed to ensure medical reliability of laboratory data is established. The results of control tests shall be readily available in the hospital.
(7) Reports of all laboratory examinations are made a part of the patient's medical record as soon as is practical.
(8) No laboratory procedures are performed except on the order of a person lawfully authorized to give such an order.
(g) Tissue specimens shall be examined by a physician who is certified or eligible for certification in anatomical and/or clinical pathology by the American Board of Pathology or possesses qualifications which are equivalent to those required for certification. Oral specimens may be examined by a dentist who is certified or eligible for certification as an oral pathologist by the American Board of Oral Pathology. A record of his findings shall become a part of the patient's medical record.
(1) A tissue file shall be maintained at the hospital or the principal office of the consulting pathologist.
(h) The use, storage and disposal of radioactive materials shall comply with the California Radiation Control Regulations, Subchapter 4, Chapter 5, Title 17, California Administrative Code.
(i) Where the hospital depends on outside blood banks, there shall be a written agreement governing the procurement, transfer and availability of blood.
(j) Periodically, an appropriate committee of the medical staff shall evaluate the services provided and make appropriate recommendations to the executive committee of the medical staff and administration.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 208(a) and 1275, Health and Safety Code. Reference: Section 1276, Health and Safety Code.
 
§ 70245. Clinical Laboratory Service Staff.
(a) A physician shall have overall responsibility for the clinical laboratory service. This physician shall be certified or eligible for certification in clinical pathology and/or pathologic anatomy by the American Board of Pathology. If such a pathologist is not available on a full-time or regular part-time weekly basis, a physician or a licensed clinical laboratory bioanalyst who is available on a full-time or regular part-time basis may administer the clinical laboratory. In this circumstance, a pathologist, qualified as above, shall provide consultation at suitable intervals to assure high quality service.
(b) There shall be a physician, clinical laboratory bioanalyst or clinical laboratory technologist on duty or on call at all times to assure the availability of emergency laboratory services.
(c) There shall be sufficient staff with adequate training and experience to meet the needs of the service being offered.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 208(a) and 1275, Health and Safety Code. Reference: Section 1276, Health and Safety Code.
 
§ 70247. Clinical Laboratory Service Equipment and Supplies.
(a) There shall be sufficient equipment and supplies maintained to perform the laboratory services being offered.
(b) The hospital shall maintain blood storage facilities in conformance with the provisions of Section 1002(g), Article 10, Group 1, Subchapter 1, Chapter 2, Title 17, California Administrative Code. Such facilities shall be inspected at appropriately short intervals each day of the week to assure these requirements are being fulfilled.
 
§ 70249. Clinical Laboratory Service Space.
(a) Adequate laboratory space a determined by the Department shall be maintained.
(b) If tests on outpatients are to be performed, outpatient access to the laboratory shall not traverse a nursing unit.
 
 
PHARMACEUTICAL SERVICE
 
§ 70261. Pharmaceutical Service Definition.
Pharmaceutical service means the procuring, manufacturing, compounding, dispensing, distributing, storing and administering of drugs, biologicals and chemicals by appropriate staff which has adequate space, equipment and supplies. Pharmaceutical services also include the provision of drug information to other health professionals and patients.
 
§ 70263. Pharmaceutical Service General Requirements.
(a) All hospitals having a licensed bed capacity of 100 or more beds shall have a pharmacy on the premises licensed by the California Board of Pharmacy. Those hospitals having fewer than 100 licensed beds shall have a pharmacy license issued by the Board of Pharmacy pursuant to Section 4029 or 4056 of the Business and Professions Code.
(b) The responsibility and the accountability of the pharmaceutical service to the medical staff and administration shall be defined.
(c) A pharmacy and therapeutics committee, or a committee of equivalent composition, shall be established. The committee shall consist of at least one physician, one pharmacist, the director of nursing service or his or her representative and the administrator or his or her representative.
(1) The committee shall develop written policies and procedures for establishment of safe and effective systems for procurement, storage, distribution, dispensing and use of drugs and chemicals. The pharmacist in consultation with other appropriate health professionals and administration shall be responsible for the development and implementations of procedures. Policies shall be approved by the governing body. Procedures shall be approved by the administration and medical staff where such is appropriate.
(2) The committee shall be responsible for the development and maintenance of a formulary of drugs for use throughout the hospital.
(d) There shall be a system maintained whereby no person other than a pharmacist or an individual under the direct supervision of a pharmacist shall dispense medications for use beyond the immediate needs of the patients.
(e) There shall be a system assuring the availability of prescribed medications 24 hours a day.
(f) Supplies of drugs for use in medical emergencies only shall be immediately available at each nursing unit or service area as required.
(1) Written policies and procedures establishing the contents of the supply procedures for use, restocking and sealing of the emergency drug supply shall be developed.
(2) The emergency drug supply shall be stored in a clearly marked portable container which is sealed by the pharmacist in such a manner that a seal must be broken to gain access to the drugs. The contents of the container shall be listed on the outside cover and shall include the earliest expiration date of any drugs within.
(3) The supply shall be inspected by a pharmacist at periodic intervals specified in written policies. Such inspections shall occur no less frequently than every 30 days. Records of such inspections shall be kept for at least three years.
(g) No drugs shall be administered except by licensed personnel authorized to administer drugs and upon the order of a person lawfully authorized to prescribe or furnish. This shall not preclude the administration of aerosol drugs by respiratory care practitioners. The order shall include the name of the drug, the dosage and the frequency of administration, the route of administration, if other than oral, and the date, time and signature of the prescriber or furnisher. Orders for drugs should be written or transmitted by the prescriber or furnisher. Verbal orders for drugs shall be given only by a person lawfully authorized to prescribe or furnish and shall be recorded promptly in the patient's medical record, noting the name of the person giving the verbal order and the signature of the individual receiving the order. The prescriber or furnisher shall countersign the order within 48 hours.
(1) Verbal orders for administration of medications shall be received and recorded only by those health care professionals whose scope of licensure authorizes them to receive orders for medication.
(2) Medications and treatments shall be administered as ordered.
(h) Standing orders for drugs may be used for specified patents when authorized by a person licensed to prescribe. A copy of standing orders for a specific patient shall be dated, promptly signed by the prescriber and included in the patient's medical record. These standing orders shall:
(1) Specify the circumstances under which the drug is to be administered.
(2) Specify the types of medical conditions of patients for whom the standing orders are intended.
(3) Be initially approved by the pharmacy and therapeutics committee or its equivalent and be reviewed at least annually by that committee.
(4) Be specific as to the drug, dosage, route and frequency of administration.
(i) An individual prescriber may notify the hospital in writing of his or her own standing orders, the use of which is subject to prior approval and periodic review by the pharmacy and therapeutics committee or its equivalent.
(j) The hospital shall develop policies limiting the duration of drug therapy in the absence of the prescriber's specific indication of duration of drug therapy or under other circumstances recommended by the pharmacy and therapeutics committee or its equivalent and approved by the executive committee of the medical staff. The limitations shall be established for classes of drugs and/or individual drug entities.
(k) If drugs are supplied through a pharmacy, orders for drugs shall be transmitted to the pharmacy either by written prescription of the prescriber, by an order form which produces a direct copy of the order or by an electronically reproduced facsimile. When drugs are not supplied through a pharmacy, such information shall be made available to the hospital pharmacist.
(l) Medications shall not be left at the patient's bedside unless the prescriber so orders. Such bedside medications shall be kept in a cabinet, drawer or in possession of the patient. Drugs shall not be left at the bedside which are listed in Schedules II, III and IV of the Federal Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 as amended. If the hospital permits bedside storage of medications, written policies and procedures shall be established for the dispensing, storage and records of use, of such medications.
(m) Medications brought by or with the patient to the hospital shall not be administered to the patient unless all of the following conditions are met:
(1) The drugs have been ordered by a person lawfully authorized to give such an order and the order entered in the patient's medical record.
(2) The medication containers are clearly and properly labeled.
(3) The contents of the containers have been examined and positively identified, after arrival at the hospital, by the patient's physician or the hospital pharmacist.
(n) The hospital shall establish a supply of medications which is accessible without entering either the pharmacy or drug storage room during hours when the pharmacist is not available. Access to the supply shall be limited to designated registered nurses. Records of drugs taken from the supply shall be maintained and the pharmacist shall be notified of such use. The records shall include the name and strength of the drug, the amount taken, the date and time, the name of the patient to whom the drug was administered and the signature of the registered nurse. The pharmacist shall be responsible for maintenance of the supply and assuring that all drugs are properly labeled and stored. The drug supply shall contain that type and quantity of drugs necessary to meet the immediate needs of patients as determined by the pharmacy and therapeutics committee.
(o) Investigational drug use shall be in accordance with applicable state and federal laws and regulations and policies adopted by the hospital. Such drugs shall be used only under the direct supervision of the principal investigator, who shall be a member of the medical staff and be responsible for assuring that informed consent is secured from the patient. Basic information concerning the dosage form, route of administration, strength, actions, uses, side effects, adverse effects, interactions and symptoms of toxicity of investigational drugs shall be available at the nursing station where such drugs are being administered and in the pharmacy. The pharmacist shall be responsible for the proper labeling, storage and distribution of such drugs pursuant to the written order of the investigator.
(p) No drugs supplied by the hospital shall be taken from the hospital unless a prescription or medical record order has been written for the medication and the medication has been properly labeled and prepared by the pharmacist in accordance with state and federal laws, for use outside of the hospital.
(q) Labeling and storage of drugs shall be accomplished to meet the following requirements:
(1) Individual patient medications, except those that have been left at the patient's bedside, may be returned to the pharmacy for appropriate disposition.
(2) All drug labels must be legible and in compliance with state and federal requirements.
(3) Drugs shall be labeled only by persons legally authorized to prescribe or dispense or under the supervision of a pharmacist.
(4) Test agents, germicides, disinfectants and other household substances shall be stored separately from drugs.
(5) External use drugs in liquid, tablet, capsule or powder form shall be segregated from drugs for internal use.
(6) Drugs shall be stored at appropriate temperatures. Refrigerator temperature shall be between 2.2oC (36oF) and 7.7oC (46oF) and room temperature shall be between 15oC (59oF) and 30oC (86oF).
(7) Drugs shall be stored in an orderly manner in well-lighted cabinets, shelves, drawers or carts of sufficient size to prevent crowding.
(8) Drugs shall be accessible only to responsible personnel designated by the hospital, or to the patient as provided in 70263(l) above.
(9) Drugs shall not be kept in stock after the expiration date on the label and no contaminated or deteriorated drugs shall be available for use.
(10) Drugs maintained on the nursing unit shall be inspected at least monthly by a pharmacist. Any irregularities shall be reported to the director of nursing service and as required by hospital policy.
(11) Discontinued individual patient's drugs not supplied by the hospital may be sent home with the patient. Those which remain in the hospital after discharge that are not identified by lot number shall be destroyed in the following manner:
(A) Drugs listed in Schedules II, III or IV of the Federal Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, as amended, shall be destroyed in the presence of two pharmacists or a pharmacist and a registered nurse employed by the hospital. The name of the patient, the name and strength of the drug, the prescription number, the amount destroyed, the date of destruction and the signatures of the witnesses required above shall be recorded in the patient's medical record or in a separate log. Such log shall be retained for at least three years.
(B) Drugs not listed under Schedules II, III or IV of the Federal Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, as amended, shall be destroyed in the presence of a pharmacist.
(r) The pharmacist shall develop and implement written quality control procedures for all drugs which are prepackaged or compounded in the hospital including intravenous solution additives. He or she shall develop and conduct an in-service training program for the professional staff to assure compliance therewith.
(s) The pharmacist shall be consulted on proper methods for repackaging and labeling of bulk cleaning agents, solvents, chemicals and poisons used throughout the hospital.
(t) Periodically, the pharmacy and therapeutics committee, or its equivalent, shall evaluate the services provided and make appropriate recommendations to the executive committee of the medical staff and administration.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 1275 and 131200, Health and Safety Code. Reference: Sections 1276, 131050, 131051 and 131052, Health and Safety Code.
 
§ 70265. Pharmaceutical Service Staff.
A pharmacist shall have overall responsibility for the pharmaceutical service. He shall be responsible for the procurement, storage and distribution of all drugs as well as the development, coordination, supervision and review of pharmaceutical services in the hospital. Hospitals with a limited permit shall employ a pharmacist on at least a consulting basis. Responsibilities shall be set forth in a job description or agreement between the pharmacist and the hospital. The pharmacist shall be responsible to the administrator and shall furnish him written reports and recommendations regarding the pharmaceutical services within the hospital. Such reports shall be provided no less often than quarterly.
 
§ 70267. Pharmaceutical Service Equipment and Supplies.
(a) There shall be adequate equipment and supplies for the provision of pharmaceutical services within the hospital.
(b) Reference materials containing monographs on all drugs in use in the hospital shall be available in each nursing unit. Such monographs must include information concerning generic and brand names, if applicable, available strengths and dosage forms and pharmacological data including indications, side effects, adverse effects and drug interactions.
 
§ 70269. Pharmaceutical Service Space.
(a) Adequate space shall be available at each nursing station for the storage of drugs and preparation of medication doses.
(b) All spaces and areas used for the storage of drugs shall be lockable and accessible to authorized personnel only.
 
 
DIETETIC SERVICE
 
§ 70271. Dietetic Service Definition.
Dietetic service means providing safe, satisfying and nutritionally adequate food for patients with appropriate staff, space, equipment and supplies.
 
§ 70273. Dietetic Service General Requirements.
(a) The dietetic service shall provide food of the quality and quantity to meet the patient's needs in accordance with physicians' orders and, to the extent medically possible, to meet the Recommended Daily Dietary Allowances, 1974 Edition, adopted by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences, 2107 Constitution Avenue, Washington, DC 20418, and the following:
(1) Not less than three meals shall be served daily.
(2) Not more than 14 hours shall elapse between the evening meal and breakfast of the following day.
(3) Nourishment or between meal feedings shall be provided as required by the diet prescription and shall be offered to all patients unless counterordered by the physician.
(4) Patient food preferences shall be respected as much as possible and substitutes shall be offered through use of a selective menu or substitutes from appropriate food groups.
(5) When food is provided by an outside food service, all applicable requirements herein set forth shall be met. The hospital shall maintain ad equate space, equipment and staple food supplies to provide patient food service in emergencies.
(b) Policies and procedures shall be developed and maintained in consultation with representatives of the medical staff, nursing staff and administration to govern the provision of dietetic services. Policies shall be approved by the medical staff, administration and governing body. Procedures shall be approved by the medical staff and administration.
(c) The responsibility and the accountability of the dietetic service to the medical staff and administration shall be defined.
(d) A current diet manual approved by the dietitian and the medical staff shall be used as the basis for diet orders and for planning modified diets. Copies of the diet manual shall be available at each nursing station and in the dietetic service area.
(e) Therapeutic diets shall be provided as prescribed by a person lawfully authorized to give such an order and shall be planned, prepared and served with supervision and/or consultation from the dietitian. Persons responsible for therapeutic diets shall have sufficient knowledge of food values to make appropriate substitutions when necessary.
(f) A current profile card shall be maintained for each patient indicating diet, likes, dislikes and other pertinent information concerning the patient's dietary needs.
(g) Menus.
(1) Menus for regular and routine modified diets shall be written at least one week in advance, dated and posted in the kitchen at least three days in advance.
(2) If any meal served varies from the planned menu, the change shall be noted in writing on the posted menu in the kitchen.
(3) Menus shall provide a variety of foods in adequate amounts at each meal.
(4) Menus should be planned with consideration for cultural and religious background and food habits of patients.
(5) A copy of the menu as served shall be kept on file for at least 30 days.
(6) Records of food purchased shall be kept available for one year.
(7) Standardized recipes, adjusted to appropriate yield, shall be maintained and used in food preparation.
(h) Food shall be prepared by methods which conserve nutritive value, flavor and appearance. Food shall be served attractively at appropriate temperatures and in a form to meet individual needs.
(i) Nutritional Care.
(1) Nutritional care shall be integrated in the patient care plan.
(2) Observations and information pertinent to dietetic treatment shall be recorded in patient's medical records by the dietitian.
(3) Pertinent dietary records shall be included in patient's transfer discharge record to ensure continuity of nutritional care.
(j) In-service training shall be provided for all dietetic service personnel and a record of subject areas covered, date and duration of each session and attendance lists shall be maintained.
(k) Food Storage.
(1) Food storage areas shall be clean at all times.
(2) Dry or staple items shall be stored at least 30 cm (12 inches) above the floor, in a ventilated room, not subject to sewage or waste water backflow, or contamination by condensation, leakage, rodents or vermin.
(3) All readily perishable foods or beverages capable of supporting rapid and progressive growth of microorganisms which can cause food infections or food intoxication shall be maintained at temperatures of 7 degrees C (45 degrees F) or below, or at 60 degrees C (140 degrees F) or above, at all times, except during necessary periods of preparation and service. Frozen food shall be stored at -18 degrees C (0 degrees F) or below.
(4) There shall be a reliable thermometer in each refrigerator and in storerooms used for perishable food.
(5) Pesticides, other toxic substances and drugs shall not be stored in the kitchen area or in storerooms for food and/or food preparation equipment and utensils.
(6) Soaps, detergents, cleaning compounds or similar substances shall not be stored in food storerooms or food storage areas.
( l) Sanitation.
(1) All kitchens and kitchen areas shall be kept clean, free from litter and rubbish and protected from rodents, roaches, flies and other insects.
(2) All utensils, counters, shelves and equipment shall be kept clean, maintained in good repair and shall be free from breaks, corrosions, open seams, cracks and chipped areas.
(3) Plasticware, china and glassware that is unsightly, unsanitary or hazardous because of chips, cracks or loss of glaze shall be discarded.
(4) Ice which is used in connection with food or drink shall be from a sanitary source and shall be handled and dispensed in a sanitary manner.
(5) Kitchen wastes that are not disposed of by mechanical means shall be kept in leakproof, nonabsorbent, tightly closed containers and shall be disposed of as frequently as necessary to prevent a nuisance or unsightliness.
(m) All utensils used for eating, drinking and in the preparation and serving of food and drink shall be cleaned and disinfected or discarded after each usage.
(1) Gross food particles shall be removed by scraping and prerinsing in running water.
(2) The utensils shall be thoroughly washed in hot water with a minimum temperature of 43 degrees C (110 degrees F), using soap or detergent, rinsed in hot water to remove soap or detergent and disinfected by one of the following methods or an equivalent method approved by the Department:
(A) Immersion for at least two minutes in clean water at 77 degrees C (180 degrees F).
(B) Immersion for at least 30 seconds in clean water at 82 degrees C (180 degrees F).
(C) Immersion in water containing bactericidal chemical as approved by the Department.
(3) After disinfection the utensils shall be allowed to drain and dry in racks or baskets on nonabsorbent surfaces. Drying cloths shall not be used.
(4) Results obtained with dishwashing machines shall be equal to those obtained by the methods outlined above and all dishwashing machines shall meet the requirements contained in Standard No. 3 as amended in April 1965 of the National Sanitation Foundation, P.O. Box 1468, Ann Arbor, MI 48106.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 208(a) and 1275, Health and Safety Code. Reference: Section 1276, Health and Safety Code.
 
§ 70275. Dietetic Service Staff.
(a) A registered dietitian shall be employed on a full-time, part-time or consulting basis. Part-time or consultant services shall be provided on the premises at appropriate times on a regularly scheduled basis and of sufficient duration and frequency to provide continuing liaison with medical and nursing staffs, advice to the administrator, patient counseling, guidance to the supervisor and staff of the dietetic service, approval of all menus and participation in development or revision of dietetic policies and procedures and in planning and conducting in-service education programs.
(b) If a registered dietitian is not employed full-time, a full-time person who meets the training requirements to be a dietetic services supervisor specified in section 1265.4(b) of the Health and Safety Code shall be employed to be responsible for the operation of the food service.
(c) Sufficient dietetic service personnel shall be employed, oriented, trained and their working hours scheduled to provide for the nutritional needs of the patients and to maintain the dietetic service areas. If dietetic service employees are assigned duties in other service areas, those duties shall not interfere with the sanitation, safety or time required for dietetic work assignments.
(d) Current work schedules by job titles and weekly duty schedules shall be posted in the dietetic service area.
(e) A record shall be maintained of the number of persons by job title employed full or part-time in dietetic services and the number of hours each works weekly.
(f) Hygiene of Dietetic Service Staff.
(1) Dietetic service personnel shall be trained in basic food sanitation techniques, shall be clean, wear clean clothing, including a cap and/or a hair net and shall be excluded from duty when affected by skin infection or communicable diseases. Beards and mustaches which are not closely cropped and neatly trimmed shall be covered.
(2) Employee's street clothing stored in the kitchen area shall be in a closed area.
(3) Kitchen sinks shall not be used for handwashing. Separate handwashing facilities with soap, running water and individual towels shall be provided.
(4) Persons other than dietetic personnel shall not be allowed in the kitchen area unless required to do so in the performance of their duties.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 1275 and 131200, Health and Safety Code. Reference: Sections 1276, 131050, 131051 and 131052, Health and Safety Code.
 
§ 70277. Dietetic Service Equipment and Supplies.
(a) Equipment of the type and in the amount necessary for the proper preparation, serving and storing of food and for proper dishwashing shall be provided and maintained in good working order.
(1) The dietetic service area shall be ventilated in a manner that will maintain comfortable working conditions, remove objectionable odors and fumes and prevent excessive condensation.
(2) Equipment necessary for preparation and maintenance of menus, records and references shall be provided.
(3) Fixed and mobile equipment in the dietetic service area shall be located to assure sanitary and safe operation and shall be of sufficient size to handle the needs of the hospital.
(b) Food Supplies.
(1) At least one week's supply of staple foods and at least two (2) days supply of perishable foods shall be maintained on the premises. Supplies shall be appropriate to meet the requirements of the menu.
(2) All food shall be of good quality and procured from sources approved or considered satisfactory by federal, state and local authorities. Food in unlabeled, rusty, leaking, broken containers or cans with side seam dents, rim dents or swells shall not be accepted or retained.
(3) Milk, milk products and products resembling milk shall be processed or manufactured in milk product plants meeting the requirements of Division 15 of the California Food and Agricultural Code.
(4) Milk may be served in individual containers, the cap or seal of which shall not be removed except in the presence of the patient. Milk may be served from a dispensing device which has been approved for such use. Milk served from an approved device shall be dispensed directly into the glass or other container from which the patient drinks.
(5) Catered foods and beverages from a source outside the hospital shall be prepared, packed, properly identified, stored and transported in compliance with these regulations and other applicable federal, state and local codes as determined by the Department.
(6) Foods held in refrigerated or other storage areas shall be appropriately covered. Food which was prepared and not served shall be stored appropriately, clearly labeled and dated.
(7) Hermetically sealed foods or beverages served in the hospital shall have been processed in compliance with applicable federal, state and local codes.
 
§ 70279. Dietetic Service Space.
(a) Adequate space for the preparation and serving of food shall be provided. Equipment shall be placed so as to provide aisles of sufficient width to permit easy movement of personnel, mobile equipment and supplies.
(b) Well ventilated food storage areas of adequate size shall be provided.
(c) A minimum of .057 cubic meters (two cubic feet) of usable refrigerated space per bed shall be maintained for the storage of frozen and chilled foods.
(d) Adequate space shall be maintained to accommodate equipment, personnel and procedures necessary for proper cleaning and sanitizing of dishes and other utensils.
(e) Where employee dining space is provided, a minimum of 1.4 square meters (15 square feet) of floor area per person served, including serving area, shall be maintained.
(f) Office or other suitable space shall be provided for the dietitian or dietetic service supervisor for privacy in interviewing personnel, conducting other business related to dietetic service and for the preparation and maintenance of menus and other necessary reports and records.
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