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Pregnancy and Reproductive Health

California Diabetes, Pregnancy, and Postpartum Care

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is diagnosed only during pregnancy. In gestational diabetes, blood sugar rises because of pregnancy-related hormonal changes. Gestational diabetes usually develops during the last half of pregnancy. In most cases, blood sugar levels can be controlled with diet and exercise, but some people may need oral medication or insulin. African American, Native American/Alaska Native, Hispanics, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders are at a higher risk for developing gestational diabetes. Most people with gestational diabetes return to normal blood sugars after delivery. If a person is overweight or obese, weight loss is recommended to prevent or delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes.

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