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substance and addiction prevention branch


Hangovers are symptoms that occur due to drinking too much alcohol over a short period of time. Hangover symptoms can last 24 hours or longer. The severity and duration of symptoms may vary from person-to-person, and can include:

  • ​Anxiety

  • Headaches

  • Woman experiencing a hangoverFatigue

  • Increased blood pressure

  • Irritability

  • Muscle aches

  • Nausea

  • Stomach pain

  • Thirst

  • Vertigo

  • Weakness

Factors that can contribute to hangover symptoms include:

  • Disrupted sleep

  • Gastrointestinal irritation

  • General inflammation

  • Mild dehydration

During a hangover, attention, decision-making, and muscle coordination may still be impaired, which can make it more difficult to perform day to day tasks (e.g., driving or operating machinery).

The best way to prevent hangover symptoms is not drinking alcohol or drinking in moderation by limiting intake to two drinks or less in a day for men or one drink or less in a day for women, on days when alcohol is consumed.

If you decide to drink, try these tips to prevent hangover symptoms:

      Water Bottle

​Drink water: Alternate alcoholic beverages with plain water to help prevent dehydration

      Plate and Utensils

Eat food: Don't drink on an empty stomach. Eat before drinking to slow the absorption of alcohol and rate of intoxication

      Hourglass Timer
Pace yourself: Drink slowly and try to drink no more than one standard drink in an hour

Visit the Tips to Drink Less Alcohol page for strategies to use less alcohol and the Factors that Affect Intoxication page to learn of other factors to avoid.​

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