Esophageal atresia is a birth defect in which part of a baby's esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach) does not develop properly.
In a baby with esophageal atresia, the esophagus has two separate sections—the upper and lower esophagus—that do not connect. A baby with this birth defect is unable to pass food from the mouth to the stomach, and sometimes difficulty breathing.
Esophageal atresia often occurs with tracheoesophageal fistula, a birth defect in which part of the esophagus is connected to the trachea, or windpipe.
*Cases per 10,000 Live Births
**White, Black, Asian/Pacific Islander categories are all non-Hispanic
Data Source: California Birth Defects Monitoring Program Registry, 2012-2016 (PDF),
California Central Valley Counties (Fresno, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, San
Joaquin, Stanislaus, and Tulare).