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Tobacco Education and Research Oversight Committee (TEROC)

Achieving Health Equity: Breaking the Commercial Tobacco Industry’s Cycle of Addiction, Death, and Environmental Degradation, 2023–2024

Objective 1:
Reduce Disparities Related to Commercial Tobacco Use

Key Concepts

For decades, the tobacco industry has targeted historically marginalized communities through manipulative marketing and free or discounted products to addict communities.

The tobacco industry’s tactics include masquerading as support for social justice, civil rights, and cultural issues with the ultimate goal of selling more products and profiting off of these communities.12–15

Many of California’​s priority populations suffer from higher rates of tobacco use, exposure to secondhand smoke at work and home, and higher rates of tobacco-related disease than the general population.13

Strategies

Policy

Encourage and empower local jurisdictions to adopt strong flavored tobacco policies that include all tobacco products.

Close policy loopholes that have allowed the sale of certain flavored tobacco products, like hookah and heated tobacco products.

Reserve fines and other punishments for “upstream” violators, such as retailers who repeatedly sell to underage customers rather than consumers, or advertisers who use illegal marketing tactics.

Avoid possession, use, and purchase (PUP) laws that punish youth for violating tobacco-related age restrictions.

Ensure that policy compliance efforts emphasize education and social norm change rather than fines and penalties, and that policy enforcement does not exacerbate social injustice.

Education

Educate Californians on the difference between traditional and commercial tobacco use.

Ensure that policymakers and stakeholders are educated on priority population data and research and what that means for Californians.

Research

Conduct research that focuses on community factors that contribute to higher tobacco use rates that create and sustain health disparities, including minority stress, industry targeting, and social norms.

Prioritize research on disparities related to tobacco use by identifying disproportionately impacted populations based on demographic, socioeconomic, geographic, and other relevant characteristics.

Invest in surveillance and rigorous evaluation to ensure that tobacco control programs are informed by evidence-based, up-to-date information about the populations they serve.

Disaggregate data to show subgroup differences, as sample size permits.

Consider intersectionality among priority populations when conducting research, as individuals belonging to two or more marginalized groups may experience additional factors that contribute to tobacco use.

Partnerships

Involve community members from populations that will be served by tobacco control interventions in the planning and implementation of such interventions including the drafting of requests for applications (RFAs).

Funding

Prioritize funding for programs and activities that address priority populations, recognizing how factors such as racism, homophobia, and other patterns of bias and exclusion contribute to tobacco-related health disparities.

Allocate tobacco control funding to reduce tobacco-related disparities and promote health equity to address the root causes that have led to differential tobacco use rates.

Appropriately allocate funds to communities disproportionately impacted by tobacco-related disparities.

Prioritize awarding funding for RFA’s to organizations that reflect communities that will be served by the RFA.

Download: Objective 1:Reduce Disparities Related to Commercial Tobacco Use, 23–24, (PDF)


References:

12. D’Silva J, O’Gara E, Villaluz NT. Tobacco industry misappropriation of American Indian culture and traditional tobacco. Tob Control. 2018;27(e1):e57-e64. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053950

13. Yerger VB, Malone RE. African American leadership groups: smoking with the enemy. Tob Control. 2002;11(4):336-345. doi: 10.1136/tc.11.4.336

14. Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Tobacco Use and Hispanics. Accessed April 14, 2022. Tobacco Free Kids, (https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/assets/factsheets/0134.pdf)

15. Truth Initiative. How tobacco companies use experiential marketing. Accessed March 15, 2022. Truth Initiative, (https://truthinitiative.org/research-resources/tobacco-industry-marketing/how-tobacco-companies-use-experiential-marketing)​

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