What are the symptoms of salmonellosis?
Most people who get salmonellosis will have diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. Symptoms can appear within 6 hours to 6 days after getting infected with Salmonella. Most people recover within 4 to 7 days without treatment. But for some people, salmonellosis can be very serious and even deadly. In rare cases, Salmonella infection can cause long-lasting symptoms such as joint pain, eye irritation, and painful urination.
How can I get salmonellosis?
You can get infected with
Salmonella bacteria in different ways, but the two most common ways include:
Eating or drinking contaminated food or drinks — People usually get salmonellosis by eating or drinking raw or undercooked food or drinks that are contaminated with animal poop. These often include animal food products like beef, poultry, milk, or eggs, but any food (including seafood, fruits, vegetables, and processed foods) may become contaminated. These foods usually look and smell normal but can be contaminated with small particles of animal poop containing Salmonella bacteria that can make a person sick. Food may also become contaminated by the hands of an infected person who did not properly wash their hands after using the toilet.
Any food can be contaminated with
Salmonella bacteria. Examples of food that have been contaminated and made people sick include: poultry, eggs, peanut butter, sprouts, tomatoes, papaya, and cantaloupe.
Touching animals, animal poop, or animal areas and then touching the eyes, nose, or mouth — People can also get salmonellosis from direct or indirect contact with animals, including household pets and pet food and treats:
- Farm animals (including cows, goats, pigs, and sheep)
- Reptiles and amphibians, such as turtles, lizards, snakes, and frogs
- Poultry (chicks, chickens, duckling, ducks) and other birds
- Pet food and treats such as dry kibble, frozen mice, and pig ears