Educational Materials and Resources
For more information on how the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) registers and regulates insect repellents, visit EPA's skin-applied repellents regulation webpage.
For information on scientific studies that have compared the effects of EPA-registered active ingredients and natural ingredients, visit the following resources:
National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) – Comparing Efficacy of DEET and Other Insect Repellents
Journal of Insect Science, Volume 15, Issue 1, January 2015 – The Efficacy of Some Commercially Available Insect Repellents for Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus
For more information about the safety of DEET and its impact on the environment, visit:
EPA's DEET information webpage
NPIC's DEET fact sheet