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perinatal hepatitis b

Perinatal Hepatitis B Prevention Program

This program provides resources and technical support to local health departments for perinatal hepatitis B prevention and to provide surveillance for perinatal hepatitis B cases. Our goal is to prevent the perinatal transmission of hepatitis B by promoting the following:

  • Prenatal testing of all pregnant women for hepatitis B infection and reporting cases to local health departments
  • Appropriate immunoprophylaxis of infants born to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive women
  • Post-vaccination serologic testing of exposed infants
  • Screening and vaccination of close contacts

These measures are backed by California State Law which requires prenatal screening for hepatitis B surface antigen and reporting of hepatitis B infection by health care providers and laboratories to local health departments.

State funding of local programs supports these activities:

  • Case management of HBsAg positive pregnant women and their infants
  • Education of medical providers, birth hospitals, and hepatitis B infected pregnant women and their close contacts
  • Coordination with birth hospitals to promote implementation of national perinatal hepatitis B prevention recommendations
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