Rubella (German Measles)
Rubella is a respiratory disease caused by a virus. It is spread by sneezing and coughing. Common symptoms include rash and fever for two to three days. When a woman is infected with rubella during pregnancy, complications for the infant may include deafness, cataracts, heart defects, mental retardation, and liver and spleen damage.
Children should get their first dose of the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine at 12 months old or later. The second dose of MMR is usually administered before the child begins kindergarten, but may be given one month or more after the first dose. Students (including college students), health care workers, and international travelers should receive two doses of MMR vaccine.