Premature Mortality Trends 2000-2007 DS 09-09000
Male and Female Populations
For each of the selected causes of death reported, men consistently had a higher YPLL-75 rate than women. Refer to Table 1 (PDF) and Table 2 (PDF) for detailed YPLL-75 rates and raw counts of years lost.
In 2007, for all causes of death combined, the age-adjusted YPLL-75 rate per 100,000 men was 7,153.9 years. This was a decrease of 8.6 percent from the 2000 rate of 7,825.4 years. This rate decreased every year with the exception of 2003 when the rate increased by about 0.2 percent compared to 2000.
The age-adjusted 2007 YPLL-75 rate per 100,000 women was 4,122.0 years. This was a decrease of 11.1 percent from the 2000 rate of 4,637.2 years. This rate decreased every year with the exception of 2003 when the rate slightly increased but was still lower relative to 2000.
A trend analysis showed a statistically significant downward trend in YPLL-75 for both men and women in California for all causes of death combined during 2000 to 2007. For additional information about the trend analysis, see Technical Notes.
The causes that provided the biggest contribution to the decrease in the YPLL-75 rates were heart disease in men and cancer in women. The heart disease-specific YPLL-75 rate decreased by 272.2 years in men. The cancer-specific YPLL-75 rate decreased by 228.3 years in women. Unintentional injuries had the biggest increases for both men and women. The rate increased by 110.3 years for men and 61.8 years for women, although women had a greater percentage increase.
HIV disease had the largest percentage rate decrease. The HIV-specific YPLL-75 rate decreased by 40.6 percent for men and 30.2 percent for women. Viral hepatitis showed the largest percentage rate increase with an increase of 50.6 percent in men and 69.7 percent in women.
The top three 2007 causes of death contributing to the YPLL-75 rate for both men and women were cancer, unintentional injuries, and heart disease. These three causes combined accounted for 49.9 percent of the total YPLL-75 rate in men and 51.1 percent of the total in women. However, the proportion of total YPLL-75 due to cancer was greater for women and the proportions due to heart disease and unintentional injuries were greater for men. The greatest disparity in the 2007 YPLL 75 rate distribution was in homicide, which accounted for 3.1 times more of the total YPLL-75 rate for men than for women.