Heart Disease Mortality Data Trends for 2000-2008 DS 10-10002
Heart disease has historically been the leading cause of death in the United States (U.S.) and in California. Heart disease accounted for more than one quarter of all California deaths between 2000 and 2008. Health care services, medications, and lost productivity due to heart disease will cost the U.S. $316.4 billion in 2010.1
Some disparities have been identified in heart disease mortality. The heart disease death rate has historically been higher in males than in females and higher in the Black population than in the White population.2
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are several factors that can increase the risk of heart disease. These include high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, cigarette smoking, overweight and obesity, poor diet, physical inactivity, and alcohol use.1
The definition of heart disease used in this report is based on the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes I00-I09, I11, I13, and I20-I51 currently presented in National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) reports.3 The national health objective for heart disease as defined by the Healthy People 2010 initiative2 pertains only to coronary heart disease, which is a subset of heart disease. Therefore, California’s progress in meeting this objective is not discussed in this report. However, it is presented in other Health Information and Strategic Planning reports.4
This report examines heart disease mortality trends for the years 2000 though 2008 and presents data in five major sections. The first section discusses heart disease mortality for the total California resident population. The second section analyzes male and female populations separately. The third section describes differences in heart disease mortality by race/ethnic groups. Sex differences within race/ethnic groups are discussed in the fourth section. Each of these sections includes information about the numbers and age distributions for heart disease deaths and mortality trends over time. The final section reviews trends in heart disease mortality by county of residence and includes trend charts for each county.