Diabetes Mortality Data Trends for 2000-2008 DS 10-10001
Sex Differences Within Race/Ethnic Groups
There are sex differences in diabetes mortality within race/ethnic groups, as is the case with the population overall. In 2008, diabetes was the:
• Seventh leading cause of death for American Indian men and the fifth leading cause for American Indian women.
• Sixth leading cause for Asian males and the fifth leading cause for Asian females.
• Sixth leading cause for Black males and the fourth leading cause for Black females.
• Sixth leading cause for Hispanic males and the fourth leading cause for Hispanic females.
• Fourth leading cause for Pacific Islander males and females.
• Ninth leading cause for males of Two or More Races and the sixth leading cause for females of Two or More Races.
• Ninth leading cause for White males and the eighth leading cause for White females.
The chart below displays age-adjusted death rates by sex and race/ethnicity for the years 2000 through 2008.
The diabetes age-adjusted death rates were generally higher for females than males within the same race/ethnic group. Black males had the highest age-adjusted rates among males, and Black females had the highest rates among females. Whites and Asians had the lowest age-adjusted diabetes death rates over the period for both males and females.
Hispanic females demonstrated a downward trend and were the only sex and race/ethnic group to exhibit a statistically significant trend during the study.
Annual diabetes age-adjusted death rates by sex and race/ethnicity are shown in Table 3 (PDF). Rates for Pacific Islanders, Two or More Races and American Indian males were unreliable during one or more years in the study and, therefore, their rates are not discussed. However, the rates are displayed in Table 3 (PDF).
On average, men died earlier from diabetes than women in all race/ethnic groups. Men of Two or More Races had the lowest average age of diabetes death and died an average of nearly 15 years earlier than Asian women, the longest surviving group. The average ages of diabetes death by sex and race/ethnicity for 2000 through 2008 were as follows:
• American Indian: males 65.1 years, females 68.9 years
• Asian: males 72.1 years, females 77.1 years
• Black: males 65.8 years, females 70.2 years
• Hispanic: males 67.5 years, females 71.8 years
• Pacific Islander: males 63.0 years, females 66.3 years
• Two or More Races: males 62.5 years, females 67.2 years
• White: males 72.0 years, females 75.7 years
The percentage of deaths that occurred to people under age 65 varied, and some groups experienced more deaths at younger ages than other groups. Specifically, the proportion of diabetes deaths before age 65 was:
• More than 50 percent among Pacific Islander males and males of Two or More Races.
• Between 40 and 50 percent among Black males, American Indian males, Pacific Islander females, and females of Two or More Races.
• Between 30 and 40 percent among Hispanic males, American Indian females, and Black females.
• Less than 30 percent among Asian males and females, White males and females, and Hispanic females.
The charts below show the age distribution of diabetes deaths by sex and race/ethnicity.
The risk of dying from diabetes increases with age. Age-specific death rates for all race/ethnic categories grouped by sex were higher in older age groups. Annual age-specific diabetes death rates by sex and race/ethnic group are displayed in Table 2b (PDF) for males and Table 2c (PDF) for females.
Annual diabetes crude death rates by sex and race/ethnic group are also presented in Table 2b (PDF) for males and Table 2c (PDF) for females under the “All Ages” column.
See the Technical Notes for information about rate calculation and trend analysis.