Cancer Mortality Data Trends for 2000-2010 DS 12-12000
Sex Differences Within Race/Ethnicity
Leading Causes of Death by Sex and Race\Ethnicity
During the years studied, there were fluctuations between cancer and heart disease for the top leading cause of death by sex and race/ethnicity.
• Cancer was the second leading cause of death for both sexes within Whites and Blacks.
• For American Indian males, cancer was the second leading cause of death. For American Indian females, year-to-year fluctuation between heart disease and cancer as leading causes of death.
• For Pacific Islander males, cancer was the second leading cause of death. Pacific Islander females alternated leading causes of death between cancer and heart disease.
• For Asian males, starting in 2004 to current study period cancer deaths became the leading cause of death. Cancer was the leading causes of death for Asian females throughout the period.
• For Two or More Races males, cancer deaths were the leading cause of death only in 2007. There were slight fluctuations between years from heart disease to cancer deaths as leading cause of death for Two or More Races females.
• For Hispanic males, cancer became the leading cause of death in 2010. Cancer deaths became the leading cause of death in 2006 through current study year for Hispanic females.
See the Technical Notes for information about leading causes of death and rankings.
Age-adjusted cancer death rates were generally higher for males than females within the same race/ethnicity. Black males and Pacific Islander females had the highest age-adjusted mortality rates. Two or More Races females had the lowest age-adjusted cancer death rates over the period.
Both sexes within Whites and Blacks, American Indian males, Asian males, and Hispanic females demonstrated statistically significant downward trends during the study period. Males and females of Two or More Races showed a statistically significant increase through the period.
The chart below displays age-adjusted cancer death rates by sex and race/ethnicity for the years 2000 through 2010. Annual age-adjusted cancer death rates by sex and race/ethnicity are shown in Table 3 (PDF).
Age Distribution of Cancer Deaths by Sex and Race/Ethnicity
There were slight variations between the average age of death between males and females based on sex and race/ethnicity. Pacific Islander females had the lowest average age of cancer deaths and died an average of more than 12 years earlier than White females, the longest surviving group. The average age of cancer deaths by sex and race/ethnicity for 2000 through 2010 were as follows:
• American Indian: males 66.5 years, females 67.8 years.
• Asian: males 69.2 years, females 68.4 years.
• Black: males 67.5 years, females 67.0 years.
• Hispanic: males 65.3 years, females 64.7 years.
• Pacific Islander: males 62.8 years, females 60.4 years.
• Two or More Races: males 63.8 years, females 64.7 years.
• White: males 71.9 years, females 72.6 years.
The percentage of deaths that occurred to people under age 65 varied by sex and race/ethnicity, and some groups experienced more deaths at younger ages than other groups. Specifically, the proportion of cancer deaths before age 65 was:
• More than 50 percent among Pacific Islander males and females.
• Between 40 and 49 percent among Hispanic males and females, males and females of Two or More Races, and Black females.
• Between 30 and 39 percent among Asian males and females, and American Indian females.
• Less than 30 percent among White males and females.
The charts below show the age distribution of cancer deaths by sex and race/ethnicity.
The risk of dying from cancer increases with age. Age-specific death rates for all race/ethnicity grouped by sex were generally higher in older age groups. Annual age specific cancer death rates by sex and race/ethnicity are displayed in Table 2b (PDF) for males and Table 2c (PDF) for females.
Crude Death Rates
Annual cancer crude death rates by sex and race/ethnicity are also presented in Table 2b (PDF) for males and Table 2c (PDF) for females under the “All Ages” column.
See the Technical Notes for information about rate calculation and trend analysis.