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Healthcare Personnel Influenza Vaccination Reporting in California Hospitals, 2011-2012

Influenza is the eighth leading cause of death in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, with the majority of influenza-related illnesses and deaths occurring among vulnerable members of the population. Health care personnel (HCP) are a source of transmission of influenza to coworkers and patients in hospitals. Influenza vaccination is a simple, safe, and cost effective way to prevent transmission of influenza from HCP to patients. Vaccination of HCP has been shown to reduce worker’s illness, absenteeism, staff shortages, and healthcare costs. The low rate of influenza vaccination is a serious problem, especially because influenza infections can be subclinical but still contagious, resulting in transmission by asymptomatic or minimally ill HCP.

Senate Bill (SB) 739 (Chapter 526, Statutes of 2006) was adopted into law to improve influenza vaccination among HCP in California acute care hospitals by requiring employees to be offered vaccine free of charge and to sign a declination form if they choose not to be vaccinated [Health and Safety Code section 1288.7 (a)]. Hospitals must report to the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) on their implementation of these requirements, including the percentage of HCP (employees and non-employee personnel) vaccinated, and CDPH is required to make this information public [Health and Safety Code section 1288.8 (b)].

This release, for the period of September 1, 2011 through March 31, 2012, is the fourth release on healthcare personnel influenza vaccination in California hospitals developed by CDPH. Also, for first time hospitals were required to submit vaccination data on registry and contract staff as separate HCP categories. For each hospital we calculated vaccination status percentages for each personnel category, the proportion of hospitals with an overall HCP vaccination percentage that met the Healthy People 2020 target of 90% and analyzed the results of an online survey on activities that hospitals used to promote influenza vaccination.

  • The reduction of healthcare associated influenza that can be made by vaccinating all healthcare personnel against influenza.
  • Including an educational program to encourage vaccination at no cost on multiple days which may increase HCP vaccination coverage. 
  • Requiring employees to attend formal educational programs on influenza and influenza vaccination and its importance to prevent influenza for themselves, their friends and families, and their patients. 
  • Alternatives to voluntary vaccination programs, including mandatory participation and mandatory vaccination policies.

Definitions, including methods associated with this release are summarized in Technical Notes (see link below). 

 To view key findings and public health actions for this data release, see key findings

  • What’s in key findings? This document summarizes the key findings from this data release including introduction, important results, and key public health actions and messages.

The data in this report is presented in the following six tables for the Influenza Vaccination among Healthcare Personnel in California General Acute Care Hospitals for the 2011-2012 Respiratory Season.

   

 
Influenza Vaccination among Healthcare Personnel in California General Acute Care Hospitals for the 2011-2012 Respiratory Season

Table 1. Influenza Vaccination Surveillance Report Status and Hospital-Specific Mean for Influenza Vaccination, Declination, and Unknown Percentages for Employees, Non-employee Health Care Personnel, Students/Trainees, and Volunteers in General Acute Care Hospitals, California, 2011-2012

 Table 2. Survey on Influenza Vaccination of Healthcare Personnel in California General Acute Care Hospitals for 2011-12 & 2010-11: Questions and Results

 Table 3. Average Vaccination Percentages for each Category of the Hospitals with/without Mask/PPE Requirement Policy  of Healthcare Personnel in California General Acute Care Hospitals for 2011-2012

 Table 4. Mean Hospital-Specific Vaccination Percentage of Healthcare Personnel in California General Acute Care Hospitals for 2010-2012

 Table 5. Percent of Licensed General Acute Care Hospitals that Met 60% Vaccination and  the Healthy People 2020 target 90% Vaccination, California, 2010-201

 Table 6. List of Non-reporters for Influenza Vaccination of Health Care Personnel Surveillance in General Acute Care Hospitals, California, 2011-2012

 

To view the Technicqal Notes for the 2011-2012 data release, see Technical Notes

  • What is in the technical notes? The Technical Notes contain information on the data sources, definitions, quality assurance and control, data presentation and statistical analyses associated with this data release. Vaccination among Healthcare Personnel in California General Acute Care Hospitals for the 2011-2012 Respiratory Season
 
 
Last modified on: 1/28/2014 9:41 AM