West Nile Virus
West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne disease first detected in the United States in 1999. This disease is also found in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, Canada, and Mexico. WNV first appeared in California in 2003 and by 2004, WNV had spread to all 58 counties. Infection by WNV is minimized through the concerted actions of local and state public health and vector control agencies. People can protect themselves by taking precautions to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.