Chronic Disease Surveillance and Research Branch (CDSRB)
The Chronic Disease Surveillance and Research Branch (CDSRB) is committed to serving the public by collecting statewide data about chronic disease and risk factors, conducting surveillance and research into the causes, cures, and controls of cancer, and communicating the results to the public. CDSRB coordinates these activities by directing, managing, and monitoring the state-mandated Ken Maddy California Cancer Registry (CCR), the Survey Research Group (SRG), California’s Comprehensive Cancer Control Program (CCCP), and the California Lupus Surveillance Program.
CCR is California’s statewide, population-based cancer surveillance system. In 1985, statewide population-based cancer reporting was mandated with the enactment of sections 103875, 103885, and 100330 of the California Health and Safety code. Statewide cancer reporting was fully implemented in 1988. As of 2008, CCR has collected detailed information on more than 2.7 million cases of cancer, with over 160,000 new cases added each year.
CCR collects information about all cancers diagnosed in California. The information is used to develop strategies and policies for cancer prevention, treatment, and control, such as determining where early detection, educational or other programs should be directed. In addition, health researchers use the data to analyze demographic and geographic factors that affect cancer risk, early detection, and effective treatment of cancer patients.
CCR is recognized as one of the leading cancer registries in the world, and has been the cornerstone of a substantial amount of cancer research. More than 450 funded research projects and 1900 publications have used CCR data.
CCR staff is also responsible for responding to community cancer concerns. When a potential cancer cluster is identified through analysis of CCR data, CDSRB communicates with the Environmental Health Investigations Branch to inform them of the findings and to help determine if further investigation is warranted. The CCR responds to approximately 100 community cancer concerns every year.
The CLSP is a limited-term public health investigation that will be managed through a collaboration between CDPH and the University of California, San Francisco. The aim of this program is to conduct an accurate assessment of the incidence, prevalence, and disease burden of lupus in California via public health surveillance to facilitate public health implementation of primary and secondary disease prevention programs. The CLSP catchment area will include San Francisco and San Mateo counties.
Comprehensive Cancer Control is a collaborative process through which communities pool resources to reduce the burden of cancer by focusing on risk reduction, early detection, better treatment, and enhanced survivorship. In an effort to achieve these goals, the CCCP is funded to establish a statewide coalition, called the California Dialogue on Cancer (CDOC), assess the burden of cancer, determine priorities and develop and implement a Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan in California.
CDOC was formed by the CCCP in conjunction with the American Cancer Society to provide guidance for comprehensive cancer control activities statewide. CDOC is comprised of cancer control leaders that represent a broad range of organizations and interest areas including state and local government, non-profit organizations, health, medical and business communities, researchers, academic institutions, cultural and religious organizations as well as cancer survivors, caregivers and advocates. Four working teams address the following cross-cutting cancer control issues:
- Disparities, Access to Care and Early Detection
- Research, Surveillance & Evaluation
- Survivorship and Treatment
Visit www.cdoc-online.org for more information.
SRG specializes in conducting scientific health-related surveys. SRG began as a small computer-assisted telephone interviewing unit (CATI) in 1987 to administer the California Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in collaboration with the California Department of Public Health. Today, SRG continues to conduct the BRFSS for California, completing five times as many interviews. SRG also conducts the California Women’s Health Survey, California Adult Tobacco Survey, and the CALTEENS. At any given moment, SRG conducts ten to twelve full scale surveys. Public health officials, advocates, and researchers use the health data to track health risks, identify emerging public health problems, prevent disease, improve treatment, and evaluate programs.
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