Reproductive Health Problems
Reproductive outcomes generally refer to pregnancy outcomes, effects on fetal development, and damage to the reproductive system of the adult. Thus they can include, for example, miscarriage, birth defects, or infertility in women or men. People who live or work near chemical or environmental hazards may be concerned about how exposures may affect their reproductive health.
CDPH’s Environmental Health Investigations and Occupational Health Branches study reproductive outcomes related to community or worker exposures to known or suspected toxicants. These include, among others, studies of effects of exposure to water chlorination by-products, environmental tobacco smoke (“second-hand smoke”), heavy metals, solvents, pesticides and air pollutants.
Many CDPH programs are involved in activities related to reproductive health and prevention of problems in this area, including birth defects and genetic diseases. Direct services are primarily provided by the California Department of Health Care Services. In addition, the Office of Women's Health provides policy guidance and conducts research specific to women's health in California.